Diet may affect risk and severity of COVID-19: Study

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ANI | Updated: Sep 09, 2021 08:47 IST

Washington [US], September 9 (ANI): In a caller study led by researchers astatine Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and published successful Gut, radical whose diets were based connected healthy plant-based foods had little risks connected some counts. The beneficial effects of fare connected COVID-19 risk seemed particularly applicable successful individuals surviving successful areas of precocious socioeconomic deprivation.
Although metabolic conditions specified arsenic obesity and benignant 2 diabetes person been linked to an accrued risk of COVID-19, arsenic good arsenic an accrued risk of experiencing superior symptoms erstwhile infected, the interaction of fare connected these risks is unknown.
"Previous reports suggest that mediocre nutrition is simply a communal diagnostic among groups disproportionately affected by the pandemic, but information connected the relation betwixt fare and COVID-19 risk and severity are lacking," said pb writer Jordi Merino, PhD, a research subordinate astatine the Diabetes Unit and Center for Genomic Medicine astatine MGH and an teacher successful medicine astatine Harvard Medical School.
For the study, Merino and his colleagues examined information connected 592,571 participants of the smartphone-based COVID-19 Symptom Study. Participants lived successful the UK and the US, and they were recruited from March 24, 2020, and followed until December 2, 2020. At the commencement of the study, participants completed a questionnaire that asked astir their dietary habits earlier the pandemic. Diet prime was assessed utilizing a healthful Plant-BasedDiet Score that emphasises healthy works foods specified arsenic fruits and vegetables.
During follow-up, 31,831 participants developed COVID-19. Compared with individuals successful the lowest quartile of the fare score, those successful the highest quartile had a 9 per cent little risk of processing COVID-19 and a 41% little risk of processing terrible COVID-19. "These findings were accordant crossed a scope of sensitivity investigation accounting for different healthy behaviors, societal determinants of health and assemblage microorganism transmission rates," said Merino.

"Although we cannot stress capable the value of getting vaccinated and wearing a disguise successful crowded indoor settings, our study suggests that individuals tin besides perchance trim their risk of getting COVID-19 oregon having mediocre outcomes by paying attraction to their diet," said co-senior writer Andrew Chan, MD, MPH, a gastroenterologist and main of the Clinical and Translational Epidemiology Unit astatine MGH.
The researchers besides recovered a synergistic narration betwixt mediocre fare and accrued socioeconomic deprivation with COVID-19 risk that was higher than the sum of the risk associated with each origin alone.
"Our models estimation that astir a 3rd of COVID-19 cases would person been prevented if 1 of 2 exposures--diet oregon deprivation--were not present," said Merino.
The results besides suggest that nationalist health strategies that amended entree to healthy foods and code societal determinants of health whitethorn assistance to trim the load of the COVID-19 pandemic.
"Our findings are a telephone to governments and stakeholders to prioritize healthy diets and wellbeing with impactful policies, different we risk losing decades of economical advancement and a important summation successful health disparities," said Merino.
The study was co-led by investigators astatine Kings College London. Co-authors see Amit D Joshi, Long H Nguyen, Emily R Leeming , Mohsen Mazidi, David A Drew, Rachel Gibson, Mark S Graham, Chun-Han Lo, Joan Capdevila, Benjamin Murray, Christina Hu, Somesh Selvachandran, Alexander Hammers, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Shreela V Sharma, Carole Sudre, Christina M Astley, Jorge E Chavarro, Sohee Kwon, Wenjie Ma, Cristina Menni, Walter C Willett, Sebastien Ourselin, Claire J Steves, Jonathan Wolf, Paul W Franks, Timothy D Spector, Sarah Berry, and Andrew T Chan.
Funding for the study was provided by the National Institutes of Health, the National Institute for Health Research, the UK Medical Research Council/Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, the Wellcome Trust, the Massachusetts Consortium connected Pathogen Readiness, the American Gastroenterological Association, the American Diabetes Association, the Alzheimer's Society and Zoe Ltd. (ANI)

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