The 2019 Nobel Prize announcements are underway this week, with the first prize, in the category of physiology or medicine, going to a trio of scientists for their work on cells’ ability to sense and react to oxygen availability.
The Nobel Prize in psychics, chemistry, literature, peace and economic sciences will follow over the next seven days. The awards are a recognition of work that advances each of the respective fields. Winners are given a medal, a certificate and a cash award of about $900,000 (when multiple people win a single Nobel, they typically split the cash award.)
Here are the 2019 Nobel Prize winners (so far):
2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
William G. Kaelin Jr., Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza won the 2019 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for their work in “how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.”
The trio “discovered how cells can sense and adapt to changing oxygen availability,” according to The Nobel Assembly. “They identified molecular machinery that regulates the activity of genes in response to varying levels of oxygen.”
2019 Nobel Prize in Physics
The 2019 Nobel Prize in physics will be announced on Tuesday, Oct. 8.
2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
The 2019 Nobel Prize in chemistry will be announced on Wednesday, Oct. 9.
2019 Nobel Prize in Literature
The 2019 Nobel Prize in literature will be announced on Thursday, Oct. 10. The 2018 Nobel Prize in literature will also be announced on Thursday, Oct. 10; last year’s announcement was canceled in the midst of sexual assault allegations.
2019 Nobel Prize in Peace
The 2019 Nobel Peace Prize will be announced on Friday, Oct. 11.
2019 Nobel Prize in Economic Science
The 2019 Nobel Prize in economic science will be announced on Monday, Oct. 14.